Kurzweil is not leading any research or program concerning AGI, nor is he able to explain many of his assertions. This point was made clearly by Hofstadter.
Google’s Deepmind, IBM’s Watson, Musk’s Open AI initiative, so-called self-driving cars, Cyc, the Blue Brain project, and AlphaGo while all noteworthy in terms of AI are quite trivial in terms of AGI.
many expert commentators have noted that there exists no general theory of the nature of intelligence.
Yes, this is true.
this essay seeks to fill the vacuum of a glaring lack of a general theory of AI. it boldly but systematically proposes a general mechanism for AGI. intelligence is an emergent property arising between the interaction of a learning agent and its complex environment. the prior definition of intelligence is mostly uncontroversial and generally understood
No, it’s actually false. It can be proven that general intelligence is not an emergent property.
the agent acts on the environment in a way (or “ways”) that increases its knowledge.
Where’s the definition of ‘knowledge’? This essay provides nothing in terms theory. It’s mostly just a rephrasing of what is already in practice with some wishful thinking thrown in.